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农业知识

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玉米贴茬播种技术

发布时间:2017-4-5 点击量:12

玉米贴茬播种是指在小麦收获之后,不经过耕地、整地,直接在麦茬地上播种夏玉米。采用贴茬播种技术可实现抢时早播,减少农耗时间,减轻劳动强度,利于机械化作业,并可减少夏玉米“芽涝”危害发生的几率,是实现夏玉米增产的关键措施之一。玉米贴茬播种技术主要包括以下几个方面:

  YI、ZAOSHANG

  XIAYUMIDUOCAIYONGZAOSHUPINZHONG,SHENGYUQIDUAN,XIASHOUXIAZHONGNONGSHIJINZHANG,YAOZHENGFENDUOMIAO,QIANGSHIQIANGSHANGZAOBO。SUOYIZHIBODEXIAYUMI,WEILEZHENGQUSHIJIAN,YISHIZAIYOUSHUIJIAOTIAOJIANDEDIFANGZAOSHANGBOZHONG,JIEHEQIANCHAXIAOMAIJIAOHAOMAIHUANGSHUI(HUOGUANJIANGSHUI),WEIBOZHONGYUMIXUHAODISHANG;ERSHIZAIWUSHUIJIAOTIAOJIANDEDIQUQIANGSHANGBOZHONG,YIDANZAISHIBOQINEIJIANGYU,JIUYAOZHUAJINSHIJIAN,JIZHONGLILIANGQIANGZHONG。

FG棋牌  ER、XUANZHONGYUZHONGZICHULI

FG棋牌  1、XUANZHONG:BAOKUOXUANZEPINZHONGHEZHONGZIJINGXUANLIANGBUFENNEIRONG。WEIQUEBAOYUMIGAOCHANWENCHAN,YAOXUANZESHIYINGXINGGUANG、KANGNIXINGQIANGDEGAOCHANZAJIAOPINZHONG,RUZHENGDAN958、NONGDA108、LUDAN981、LAINONG14DENG。BOZHONGQIANYAODUIYUMIZHONGZIJINXINGSHAIXUAN,CHUQUMEIHUAI、POSUN、SHOUBINGCHONGHAIDEZHONGZI。ZHONGZIDEZHILIANGYAOFUHEBIAOZHUNYAOQIU:ZHONGZICHUNDU≥98﹪,JINGDU≥98﹪,HANSHUILIANG≤13﹪,YAOZUOHAOZHONGZIDEFAYASHIYAN,YIBANFAYALVYINGDADAO90﹪YISHANG。

FG棋牌  2、SHAIZHONG:KEYIZENGQIANGZHONGZISHENGHUOLIHEFAYANENGLI,TIGAOCHUMIAOLV13﹪-28﹪,TIQIANCHUMIAO1-2TIAN。YIBANXUANZEQINGTIAN,JIANGZHONGZITANZAIGANZAOXIANGYANGDETUCHANGSHANG,LIANXUSHAI2-3TIAN,BINGZHUYIFAN  DONG。SHIZHISHOUREJUNYUN。

  3、BAOYIYUBANZHONG:YONGZHONGYIJIBAOYI。ZHONGYIJISHIYOUSHACHONGJI、SHAJUNJI、WEILIANGYUANSU,YIJIHUANSHIJIDENGJIAGONGCHENGDEYAO、FEIFUHEXINGCHANPIN,JINENGFANGZHIBINGCHONG,YOUNENGCUJINYUMISHENGZHANG,ZAISHENGCHANSHANGYINGJINKUAIPUJIHEYINGYONG。SHENGCHANZHONGJINZHISHIYONGGAODUGAOCANLIUDESHACHONGZHONGYIJI,YINGXUANZEGAOXIAODIDUWUGONGHAIDEZHONGYIJIJINXINGZHONGZIBAOYI。YAOJIBANZHONG,WEIFANGZHIBINGCHONGWEIHAI,KEYONGZHONGZILIANG1﹪DEXINLIULINJIASHUI10BEIBANZHONGFANGZHIDIXIAHAICHONG,YEKEYONGZHONGZILIANG0.4﹪DEFENXIUNINGJIASHUI25BEIBANZHONG,FANGZHIHEISUIBING。

FG棋牌  SAN、BOQIYUHELIMIZHI

  1、BOQI:“CHUNZHENGRI,XIAZHENGSHI”、“XIABOWUZAO,YUEZAOYUEHAO”,ZHEISHINONGMINQUNZHONGXINGRONGXIAYUMIBOZHONGSHIJIANDEYIJUSHUNKOULIU。XIATIANBOZHONGYUMISHIZAIXIAOMAISHOUHUOHOUJINXING,ZUIDADEQUEDIANJIUSHIYUMIDESHENGZHANGQIDUAN,BUNENGZHONGZHISHENGYUQIZHANGDEGAOCHANPINZHONG。CAIYONGTIECHAJISHUBOZHONGDEYUMI,YINWEIJIANSHAOLEZUOYEHUANJIE,JIESHENGLENONGSHI,JIAOCHUANTONGZHONGZHIFANGSHIKEYITIQIANBOZHONG1-2TIAN,YINCIKEYIYANZHANGYUMIDESHENGYUQI,SHIYUMIYOUMIAOZAIYUJILAILINZHIQIAN,CHONGFENSHENGZHANG,ZENGQIANGKANGLAONENGLI,JIANQINGHEBIMIANYUMI“YALAO”DEWEIHAI,YOULIYUYUMIDEHOUQISHENGZHANG,BINGKEYIMANZUYUMISHENGZHANGDUIJIWENDEYAOQIU,SHIYUMIHOUQIDEZILIGUANJIANGHECHENGSHUDEGENGHAO。

  2、HELIMIZHI:YUMIGEN、JING、YEHEZHONGZIDEXINGCHENG,90﹪SHILAIZIYEPIANGUANGHEZUOYONGXINGCHENGDECHANWU,ZHIYOU10﹪DEWUZHILAIZIZUOWUGENXIXISHOUDEYANGFEN。YINCIYINGGENJUBUTONGPINZHONG、TURANGFEILITIAOJIANJIBUTONGDEZHONGZHIFANGSHIQUEDINGHELIDEZHONGZHIMIDU,SHIYUMIDEQUNTIHEGETIMAODUNQUYUTONGYI,ZUIDAXIANDUDITIGAOYUMIDUIGUANGNENGDELIYONGLV,SHIGOUCHENGCHANLIANGDESUISHU、LISHUHELIZHONGDECHENGJIDADAOZUIDA,JINERDADAOGAOCHANDEMUDE。YIBANYEPIANQINGXIEXIANGSHANGDEJINCOUXINGPINZHONG,TOUGUANGXINGHAO,ZAITURANGFEILIHEGUANLISHUIPINGJIAOGAODEDIKUAI,YIMEIMUBUDIYU5000ZHUWEIYI,WANSHUPINZHONGYOUYUSHENGYUQIZHANG,ZHIZHUGAODA,DANZHUSHENGCHANLIGAO,YAOSHIDANGDIYIDIAN。

  SI、JIEGANHUANTIANFUGAI

  PUTONGXIAOMAISHOUGEJIZAIZUOYEHOUWANGWANGJIANGMAIJIECHENGLONGHUOCHENGDUIDUIFANG,JIYANZHONGYINGXIANGXIAYUMIBOZHONGZUOYE,YOUYINGXIANGCHUMIAOHEYOUMIAOSHENGZHANG。YINCI,ZAIBOZHONGYUMIZHIQIAN,YINGJIANGCHENGLONGHUOCHENGDUIDEMAIJIETIAOKAI、SANYUN。YOUTIAOJIANDEKEXUANYONGDAIYOUJIEGANQIESUIHEPAOSAZHUANGZHIDEDAXINGLIANHESHOUGEJIJINXINGXIAOMAISHOUGEZUOYE,ZAIWANCHENGXIAOMAISHOUHUODETONGSHIJINXINGJIEGANHUANTIAN。 JIEGANHUANTIANCHULEJUYOUJIANSHAOSHUIFENZHENGFA,GAISHANTURANGJIEGOU,TIGAOTURANGXUSHUIBAOSHANGNENGLIDEYOUYUEXINGWAI,HAIJUYOUZENGJIATURANGYOUJIZHI,PEIFEIDILIJIYIZHIBING、CHONG、HAIDEZUOYONG。JIEGANZHIJIEHUANTIANHAIKEYIGAIJINTURANGWULIXINGZHUANG,ZENGJIATURANGWEISHENGWUHUODONG,CUJINTURANGYANGFENFENJIE,SHIPEIFEIDILIDEYOUXIAOTUJING。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,JIEGANHUANTIANHOU,YOUYUJIEGANFENJIEXUYAOXISHOUYIDINGDEDAN,RUBUZENGJIADANFEIDESHIYONGSHULIANG,KENENGHUICHUXIANYUYUMIYOUMIAOZHENGFEI、ZHENGSHUIDEXIANXIANG,YINGXIANGYUMISHENGZHANG,YINCIYINGGENJUDILIHEJIEGANLIANGDEDAXIAOZENGJIADANFEIDEYONGLIANG。

  WU、YUMITIECHABOZHONG

FG棋牌  1、BOZHONGZUOYE:ZAIWANCHENGXIAOMAISHOUHUOHEJIEGANFUGAIHOU,JIUKEYIZHIJIEYONGZHUANMENDEYUMITIECHABOZHONGJIZAIDATIANZHONGJINXINGBOZHONGZUOYELE。YOUYUDALIANGXIAOMAIJIEGANFUGAIDIBIAO,JINXINGJIXIEBOZHONGSHIRONGYIDUSAIBOZHONGJIYINGXIANGZUOYEXIAOGUO,YINCIBIXUSHIYONGZHUANMENDEPAIDUHEFANGCHANRAOXINGNENGLIANGHAODEYUMITIECHABOZHONGJI,YICIWANCHENGPOCHA、KAIGOU、SHIFEI、BOZHONG、FUTUHEZHENYAZUOYE。

  2、GONGYIZHILIANGYAOQIU: (1)BOZHONGLIANGYIBANWEI1.5-2.5GONGJIN∕MU,SHANGXIANWUCHA≤0.5﹪,XIAXIANWUCHA≤0.3﹪;BOZHONGSHENDUYIBANKONGZHIZAI30-50HAOMI,SHATUHEGANHANDIKUAISHIDANGZENGJIA10-20HAOMI;SHIFEISHENDUYIBANWEI80-100HAOMI,JIZAIZHONGZIXIAFANG40-50HAOMI。(2)ZHONGZIJIXIEPOSUILV≤0.5﹪,BOZHONGSHENDUHEGELV≥75﹪。(3)JIJUQILUOYAOYIZHI,DITOU、QISHI、JIESHUBOZHONGWEIZHIZHENGQI,JIJUXINGZOUYAOZHI。